Friday, May 4, 2007

Outline

I. Introduction
A. “It’s absurd to deny kids a loving home because both parents happen to be of the same sex,” by Lisa Bennett.
B. There are two main sides to the gay adoption issue. There are people for it and against. C. This issue has caused much controversy within the United States.

II. Body

A. Against gay adoption: events
a. Florida – bans all gay and lesbian adopting since 1977.
b. Mississippi and Utah – bans gay and lesbian couples from adopting, but only lets married couples adopt, so single gays and lesbians can’t dopt either.
c. Catholic Charities in Boston – refuses to let gays and lesbians adopt.
d. Nebraska – banned gay foster parenting in 1995.
e. Alabama, Oregon, Tennessee, and Virginia have all introduced bills that would restrict the parenting rights of gay couples.
f. Texas and Indiana have introduced bills to prohibit gays and lesbians from adoption children.
g. Arkansas has regulations that prevent gays and lesbians from becoming foster parents or adopting children.
h. Conservatives in Congress are also expected to introduce a bill to ban gays and lesbians from adopting in Washington D.C.
i. New Hampshire bans gays and lesbians from adoption since 1987.

B. Against gay adoption: harms kids
a. Psychiatric disturbance of children with homosexual parents.
b. Children in 48 out of 52 families mention problems such as hypersexuality, instability, molestation, and domestic violence.
c. Children with homosexual parents are the least popular, have the lowest level of parental involvement, and parents had lowest expectations for them.
d. Children with homosexual parents are more likely to lose a parent to death. Oldest lesbian 49, oldest gay 54.
e. Children are better off in a home with a mother and a father who are married.
f. Family Research Institute and Family Research Council say gay men are more likely to molest children

C. For gay adoption: events
a. American Civil Liberties Union is preparing a lawsuit to challenge the constitutionality of Florida’s ban on gay and lesbian adoption.
b. Child Welfare League of America says that sexual orientation does affect a person’s ability to care for a child.
c. National Association of Social Workers adopted a policy that opposes discrimination against gays and lesbians.
d. American Psychiatric Association dropped homosexuality from its list of mental disorders.
e. 2003 case Lawrence v. Texas, the Supreme Court ruled that sodomy laws were unconstitutional.
f. California, Connecticut, and Vermont have passes pro-gay adoption laws.
g. In Pennsylvania a law was passed that said gays and lesbians can adopt their partners’ children.

D. For gay adoption: doesn’t harm kids
a. American Psychology Association says “no scientific evidence that parenting effectiveness is related to parental sexual orientation: lesbian and gay parents are as likely as heterosexual parents to provide supportive and health environments for their children.”
b. Gays and lesbians are outsiders in a world that is hostile to them. Therefore they are suited to take care of children who need unconditional acceptance.
c. American Academy of Pediatrics concludes, “A growing body of scientific literature demonstrates that children who grow up with one ore two gay and/or lesbian parents fare as well in emotional, cognitive, social, and sexual functioning as do children whose parents are heterosexual. Children’s optimal development appears to be influenced more by the nature of the relationships and interactions within the family unit than by the particular structural form it takes.”
d. Research gathered by many (such as F.W Bozett, R.L Barrett, J.J Bigner, and J.M Bailey) show that there is no difference between homosexual and heterosexual fathers in providing recreation, encouraging autonomy, maintaining disciplinary guidelines, or dealing with general problems of parenting.
e. Research gathered by many (such as D.K Flaks, S. Golombok, and F. Tasker) show that lesbian mothers function normal on interviews and psychological assessments, and their scores on standardized measures of self-esteem, anxiety, depression, and parenting stress are the same as scores from heterosexual mothers.
f. A studied of 400 children with lesbian parents have shown there is no evidence of gender confusion.
g. No differences can be found in the toy, game, activity, dress, or friendship preferences of boys or girls with gay parents.
h. No study has showed any risk whatsoever to children as a result of growing up in a family with one ore more gay parents

E. For adoption: other facts/arguments
a. North American Council on Adoptable Children estimates that only about 36,000 kids out of 100,000 were adopted last year.
b. Gay adoption could sometimes mean a last resort for a difficult-to-adopt child who might not otherwise gain a family.
c. They alternative to gay parents might be no parents at all.
d. Letting kids get adopted by gays and lesbians would mean less need for the foster care system which would in turn save states money.
e. According to the National Adoption Information Clearinghouse 2.5-8 million gay or lesbian parents are raising 6-14 million perfectly healthy, normal children.
f. Most children in the U.S do not live with two heterosexual parents anyway. According to the 2000 census only 24% of homes are made up of a married mother and father.


III. Conclusion
a. This issue has caused much controversy in the the U.S.
b. There is no good evidence to say that children should not be raised by gays and lesbian.
c. Ask a child which is worse: being adopted into a gay or lesbian home or never being adopted and having to travel from foster home to foster home until they are 18.

No comments: