Sunday, April 29, 2007

Annotation # 7

Gay Adoption Backlash Growing: More States Move to Bar Same-Sex Couples from Adoption, Foster Care

Homosexuals have become more outspoken about their desire to adopt and be foster parents. However because of this, the opposition to that across the nation is growing steam and becoming more apparent. Bills have been sent to Texas and Indiana to ban gay and lesbian adoptions. A bill just like that is expected to be proposed in Michigan. Arkansas and Utah became the first states to have regulations put down against gay and lesbian adoption or foster parenting. Congress is also expected to propose a bill that will ban gay and lesbian adoption in Washington D.C. Gay activists however are fighting back. In New Hampshire the legislature will have a hearing an a bill to repeal the state's 1987 lay that bans gay and lesbians from adopting. The American Civil Liberties Union is preparing lawsuit to challenge the Florida ban on gay and lesbian adoption. This will be the fourth atempt to repeal Florida's 1977 law. In the late 1980's many gay couple have been using sperm donors and surrogate mothers instead of going through the adoption process. Gay and lesbians have also gained greater acceptance from the professionals that deal with adoption and foster care.

Annotation # 6

Cusick, Tom and Kranz, Rachel. "Gay Rights." 2000. Pg 82-84

There is widespread sterotype that gays and lesbians should not come into contact with children. Because of this the idea of gay adoption and gay foster parenting has trouble winning worldwide acceptence. Only a few states ban gay adoption outright. These states are Florida, Arkansas, Utah, and Mississippi. In the rest of the states, that gay adoption is legal in the process is far from easy. About half of all U.S states allow indviduals in gay or unmarried relationships to adopt children. There are 8 million - 13 million children being raised by gay and lesbian parents worldwide, but most of these children are never adopted. In 1997 New Jersey became the first state to allow both gay and heterosexual unmarried couples to adopt children. This decision was a victory for many gay families fighting for equal rights.

Annotation # 5

Cusick, Tom and Kranz, Rachel. "Gay Rights." 2000. Pg 68-69.


Before the late 1970's people didn't even think about the idea of letting gays and lesbians adopt a child. However, as gay rights groups fought for the right of gay adoption it became more excepted, at least in some parts of the U.S it did. Individal gays and lesbians were sometimes allowed to adopt throughout the 1980s and into the 1990s. It was very rare to see a gay or lesbian couple adopt a child. The turning point for that was in December 1997 in New Jersey. A lawsuit forced that state to allow gay, lesbian, and unmarried heterosexuals to adopt children. However, gay adoption does remain out the question in some states, but other states are now granting laws that make it legal. As of today, about half of the states allow individuals in a gay or unmarried heterosexual relationship adopt children. However the adoptions become more problematic when it involves a homosexual couple.

Tuesday, April 24, 2007

Annotation # 4

Lesbian and Gay Adoption Rights

Many gays and lesbians are choosing to become parents. Only four states, Vermont, New Jersey, Massachusetts, and California allow same sex couple adoption. Florida is the only state that currently has a ban against gay adoption. There are many reasons why gay and lesbian adoption should be allowed. The U.S has so many children that need to be adopted. Some of those children are hard to place because they are older or because of special needs. So if gays and lesbians want to adopt them, it is unfair to deny them a loving home. Another reason is that most children in the U.S don't even live with two married parents. So they can grow up in a one or a two-parent household of a gay and/or lesbian and fare just as emotionally and socially well off as children whose parents are heterosexual. Also studies have shown that children are more influenced by the interaction with their parents then their parents' sexual orientation.

Annotation # 3

Little Victories fo Gay Adoption

In this article, John Caldwell says that even though some states are trying to pass laws to ban same sex marriage, same sex adoption is becoming more recognized. In Mississippi a ruling was made in favor of two lesbian moms. The ruling said the state would recognize the adoption even thought it didn't recognize same sex relationships. Experts point out that this case strenghtened the rights of gay parents everywhere. There are no states that currently ban same sex adoption because the passing of such a law would distrupt the lives of so many children. The needs of children are at stake, therefore states are apt to recognize the rights of gay parents who have legal custody of their children. States cannot afford to not recognize gay people's right to adopt.

Annotation # 2

Gay families go mainstream; Reaction to a ruling in favor of gay adoption suggests that same-sex parents are winning hearts and minds. But is it too soon to delare victory?


In this article, the supreme court in Pennsylvania ruled that gay men and lesbians can adopt their partners' children. Only eight states and the Distict of Columbia allow this. The trend is turning in favor of gay families. Gays and lesbians have made incredible progress this year. People are starting to believe what the judge in Peensylvania said-"it's absurd to deny kids a loving home because both parents happen to be on the same sex. This decision is a complete victory for hundreds of gay and lesbian families.

Friday, April 20, 2007

Annotation # 1

"To Welcome a Child: Gay Couples and Adoption" by Jo McGowan.

In this article Jo Mcgowan states the importance of adoption. A child who has been abandoned by its biological parents needs love and protection. Gays and Lesbians are fit to provide that. They may be even more fit because they have been tormented and made fun of because of the life they live in society. They know what it is like to be an outcast in a world that is nothing but hostile to them. Therefore they know the right things that need to be done to comfort a child that has been abandoned. We can not take away love in a world that is full of meaness already. We can not reject it for a child just because same sex parents want to adopt them.